![Figure] Free image. This Landsat 5 image of the southeastern corner of the Black Sea is part of the general U.S. archive that will be accessible for free under the new USGS policy. CREDIT: BOSTON UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR REMOTE SENSING We are entering a new era in the Landsat Program, the oldest and most venerable of our Earth-observing satellite programs . Sie dienen hauptsächlich der Kartierung natürlicher Ressourcen und der Erfassung von Veränderungen, welche durch natürliche Prozesse und menschliches Handeln verursacht werden
Landsat Level-2 science products are generated from Collection 2 Level-1 inputs that meet the <76 degrees Solar Zenith Angle constraint and include the required auxiliary data inputs to generate a scientifically viable product
.S. Analysis Ready Data (ARD) Tiles contain Landsat Collection 1 products that are consistently processed to the highest scientific standards and level of processing required for direct use in monitoring and assessing landscape change The Landsat study is a project initiated by the U.S. Geological Survey's Land Remote Sensing Program, the USGS Fort Collins Science Center's Social and Economic Analysis (SEA) Branch is conducting a study to investigate the users, uses, and benefits of Landsat imagery. The goals of this study are to (1) identify and classify Landsat imagery users, (2) better understand the specific uses of the.. Landsat Collection 1 consists of Level-1 data products generated from Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI)/Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), Landsat 4-5 Thematic Mapper (TM)*, and Landsat 1-5 Multispectral Scanner (MSS) instruments. Return to Landsat Collections Overvie
Landsat 5 Mission in Jeopardy. November 18, 2011 • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has stopped acquiring images from the 27-year-old Landsat 5 Earth observation satellite due to a rapidly degrading electronic component. Landsat 5 was launched in 1984 and designed to last 3 years. The USGS assumed operation of Landsat 5 in 2001 and managed to bring the aging satellite back from the brink of. The USGS has developed Landsat-derived Level 2 and Level 3 science products that reduce the amount of time users spend on data processing and provide researc..
Landsat 9 is a collaboration between NASA and USGS, with NASA building and launching the satellite, and USGS operating the satellite, archiving and processing the data, and generating standard imagery products. This paper provides an overview of the Landsat 9 mission, including the instruments, spacecraft, and anticipated data products The Landsat satellite record stretches from 1972 to the present. This gallery includes all Landsat images published on the Earth Observatory, Visible Earth, and Landsat Science web sites from all seven Landsat satellites (Landsats 1-8, Landsat 6 failed to achieve orbit). All of the images are in the public domain and may be used with attribution. The correct attribution for imagery obtained. Landsat 8 Information (NASA Landsat Science) Landsat 8/LDCM's Underfly with Landsat 7: In March 2013, the Landsat 8 satellite (then known as LDCM) was in position under Landsat 7 to collect near-coincident data for calibration activities. Images of important areas in the development of Landsat 8 Landsat Data Continuity Mission Informatio Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 data are not corrected for atmospheric conditions, however Landsat Science Products, which include Level-2 Surface Reflectance and Provisional Surface Temperature, and Level-3 Burned Area, Dynamic Surface Water Extent, and Fractional Snow Covered Area are atmospherically corrected. Learn more: Landsat Collections.. The Landsat satellite record stretches from 1972 to the present. This gallery includes all Landsat images published on the Earth Observatory, Visible Earth, and Landsat Science web sites from all seven Landsat satellites (Landsats 1-8, Landsat 6 failed to achieve orbit). All of the images are in the public domain and may be used with attribution
Successful science and applications developments create a positive feedback loop-justifying and encouraging current and future programmatic support for Landsat. Landsat mission series and. The Landsat Science Team is providing technical input regarding CDR and ECV priorities and processing algorithms. The Team has recommended that the FCDRs have the following characteristics to serve as the building blocks for TCDRs: (a) calibration across the Landsat instrument record, (b) orthorectification, (c) cloud and shadow masking. The FCDR's must be further processed to remove or reduce the effects of all scattering and absorbing constituents. In addition, because of data gaps caused. Landsat Collection 2 (C2) marks the second major reprocessing effort on the Landsat archive by the USGS that results in several data product improvements that harness recent advancements i n data processing, algorithm development, and data access and distribution capabilities. 1.1.1 Surface Reflectance Landsat 8 Surface Reflectance (SR) Science Products are generated from specialized software. The Landsat program is the longest-running enterprise for acquisition of satellite imagery of Earth. It is a joint NASA/USGS program. On July 23, 1972 the Earth Resources Technology Satellite was launched. This was eventually renamed to Landsat. The most recent, Landsat 8, was launched on February 11, 2013 3vor10 Alles was fliegt Amerikanische Begegnungen Andererseits Arte-Fakten Beauty full Science Chemisch gesehen Columbus Gastblog Darwinjahr Das Labortagebuch Deutsches Museum Diax's Rake Die andere Bildung Durchschaut E-Mobility Echolot Ein bisschen dunkel Epi goes Gender Flug und Zeit For Women in Science Geo? Logisch
Highlights Landsat mission status and progress. Open access archive, free data, standard products. Increased capacity for wide-area applications and dense time series analysis. Science and applications enabled. Future developments discussed in program context
Return to Landsat Science Team Overview Meeting agendas and presentations are available on the Meetings page The Landsat Program is a series of Earth-observing satellite missions jointly managed by NASA and the USGS. Landsat satellites have been consistently gathering data about our planet since 1972. They continue to improve and expand this unparalleled record of Earth's changing landscapes for the benefit of all The Landsat Ground Station (LGS) is located at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. LGS supports both the Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 missions. The Svalbard (SGS) ground station is located at the SvalSat facility in Svalbard, Norway. SGS supports both the Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 missions Landsat Acquisition Tool. Use the tools on this page to determine when the Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 satellites acquire data over your area of interest, and to view the paths that were acquired on any given day. Landsat satellites image the entire Earth every 16 days in an 8-day offset. Landsat 7 acquires data in descending (daytime) node, while. Landsat 1 (LS-1), formerly named ERTS-A and ERTS-1, was the first satellite of the United States' Landsat program.It was a modified version of the Nimbus 4 meteorological satellite and was launched on July 23, 1972, by a Delta 900 rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.. The near-polar orbiting spacecraft served as a stabilized, Earth-oriented platform for obtaining information on.
Landsat Science History. Accessed July 23, 2012. NASA. (2012, July 23). The Longest Continuous View of Earth from Space Hits 40. Accessed July 23, 2012. NASA. (n.d.). Landsat Data Continuity Mission. Accessed July 23, 2012. NASA Earth Observatory. (2011, November 24). Landsat in Memory of the World Register. NASA Earth Observatory. (1999, June 24). Landsat 7 Fact Sheet. National Learning. NASA Earth Observatory image by Jesse Allen, using Landsat data from the U.S. Geological Survey. Caption by Laura Rocchio, Landsat science outreach team. Published March 12, 2016 Data acquired April 1, 2014. Source: Landsat 8 > OL
Tags Remote sensing: landsat Earth science: fire Reproducible science and programming: Spatial data and gis: raster data Updated: March 09, 2021 The Intermediate earth data science textbook course is subject to the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License Landsat 8 Bilder Science Photo Library 11698120 - Landsat 8 launch 11690140 - Alluvial fan,Kazakhstan,Landsat 8 image 11697210 - Landsat 8 launch 11690155 - Bouvet Island,Landsat 8 image 11690156 - Nishinoshima volcanic eruption,Landsat 8 11690144 - Venice and MOSE construction,Landsat 8 11690142 - Lower Colorado River,Landsat 8 image 11672379 - Landsat Data Continuity Mission,artwork 11690145. Return to Landsat Science Products Overview Contact, chat, social media. Abou
Landsat 5 ist ein US-amerikanischer Erdbeobachtungssatellit, der von 1984 bis 2013 in Betrieb war. Es handelt sich um das fünfte Exemplar in der Reihe der Landsat-Satelliten. Das Management erfolgte durch die NASA und das United States Geological Survey, welches für die Aufbereitung der Daten zuständig war. Zeitlicher Ablauf der Mission. Der Satellit wurde am 1. März 1984 mit einer Delta. Since 1972, Landsat satellites have continuously acquired space-based images of the Earth's land surface, providing data that serve as valuable resources for land use/land change research. The data are useful to a number of applications including forestry, agriculture, geology, regional planning, and education. Landsat is a joint effort of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the National. Table 2: The 2018-2023 USGS-NASA Landsat Science Team members and their areas of study • December 7, 2017: Landsat-9 has entered its implementation phase, or Phase C of its project lifecycle after successfully passing Key Decision Point C (KDP-C). The Landsat-9 project team garnered high praise from NASA Headquarters' APMC (Agency Program Management Council) for the project's. Landsat Ground Control Point Search (GCP) Landsat 1-8 Calibration Parameter Files (CPF) CPF Historical Change Log. Landsat Bias Parameter Files (BPF) Response Linearization Look Up Tables (RLUT) Landsat Data Acquisition Request. Landsat Acquisition Tool. Landsat ARD Tile Conversion Tool. Newsletter Subscription. L7 Cloud Cover Assessment. A Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) will advance the legacy of the Landsat program with the intent of serving science and society. The performance of the Landsat 7 satellite system, the.
Today, Landsat Level-1 products address and correct those radiometric and geometric issues, bringing a consistency through the length of the Landsat archive that helps ensure that measured changes are due to Earth surface dynamics and not sensor differences. After that, Landsat Level-2 algorithms account for the atmospheric effects—aerosols, water vapor, and other constituents between the spacecraft sensors and the Earth—providing a truer view of the landscape without the effects of the. David Roy, a co-leader of the USGS-NASA Landsat science team and researcher at South Dakota State University, made the map with observations taken during August 2013 by the satellite's Operational Land Imager. There are many ways to produce a composite map. Roy's team breaks each Landsat scene into its smallest component, the picture element or pixel. For Landsat, every full-color. Landsat images are usually divided into scenes for easy downloading. Each Landsat scene is about 115 miles long and 115 miles wide (or 100 nautical miles long and 100 nautical miles wide, or 185 kilometers long and 185 kilometers wide). -wikipedia. Challenges Working with Landsat Remote Sensing Dat Results from time-series analysis of Landsat images in characterizing global forest extent and change from 2000 through 2019. For additional information about these results, please see the associated journal article (Hansen et al., Science 2013). Web-based visualizations of these results are also available at our main site In this lesson you will cover the basics of using Landsat 7 and 8 in R. You will learn how to import Landsat data stored in .tif format - where each .tif file represents a single band rather than a stack of bands. Finally you will plot the data using various 3 band combinations including RGB and color-infrared
Pahlevan is a member of Landsat Science Team, participates in CEOS Cal/Val activities and the Surface Biology Geology (SBG) formulation study, and is leading multiple NASA/USGS research/application projects. Publications Refereed Barnes, B. B., C. Hu, S. W. Bailey, N. Pahlevan, and B. A. Franz. 2021. Cross-calibration of MODIS and VIIRS long near infrared bands for ocean color science and. Landsat 8 Level-1 data can be found at Landsat > Landsat Collection 1 Level-1 > Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS C1 Level-1: Landsat Collection 1 Data Level-1 products Landsat 8 Level-2 data is also available on demand under Landsat > Landsat Collection 1 Level-2 (On-Demand) > Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS C1 Level-2 (see chapter Landsat 8 for more information) Learn How to Work With Landsat Multispectral Remote Sensing Data in Python - Intermediate earth data science textbook course module Welcome to the first lesson in the Learn How to Work With Landsat Multispectral Remote Sensing Data in Python module. Learn how to work with Landsat multi-band raster data stored in .tif format in Python using rioxarra
Fernerkundungsdaten sind digitale Informationen, die durch Satelliten, Flugzeuge oder Drohnen von der Erdoberfläche gewonnen wurden, also einen direkten Geobezug haben.. Die durch die Fernerkundung gewonnenen Primärdaten werden mit Hilfe von digitaler Bildverarbeitung und daraus entstehenden Sekundärdaten in ein- und mehrfarbige Bilder oder Landkarten umgewandelt Recognizing the critical value of these data, the USGS began a Landsat Global Archive Consolidation (LGAC) initiative in 2010 to bring these data into a single, universally accessible, centralized global archive, housed at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. The primary LGAC goals are to inventory the data held by ICs, acquire the data, and. .usgs.gov/core-science-systems/nli/landsat/landsat-data-access Please update your bookmarks with the new location
Learning Objectives. After completing this lesson, you will be able to: Create a list of landsat .tif files using glob and os.path.join; Crop a list of landsat .tif files to a defined crop extent boundary; Stack a list of landsat .tif into a xarray DataFram (Published October 2012) This expert team of scientists and engineers will serve a five-year term, from 2012-2017, and provide technical and scientific input to USGS and NASA on issues critical to the success of the Landsat program Landsat 8 captures about 400 images of the Earth each day, far more than the 250 a day of Landsat 7. As it orbits the Earth in a north-south pattern, Landsat 8 collects images from a swath about 115 miles (185 km) across, using a push broom sensor, which captures data from the entire swatch at the same time (Published October 2006) The LDCM Science Team will recommend strategies for the effective use of archived data from Landsat sensors and investigate the requirements for future sensors to meet the needs of Landsat users, including the needs of policy makers at all levels of government. The team will cooperate with other Earth observing missions, both nationally an
The decision about the 2018-2023 Landsat Science Team was announced on 15 December 2017. The team's primary responsibility is to provide technical and scientific input to USGS and NASA, and to ensure that data from future missions such as Landsat 9 are integrated into the overall Landsat record. More information. Landsat Science Team 2018-202 PDF | The free and open policy of Landsat data in 2008 completely changed the way that Landsat data was analyzed and used, particularly for applications... | Find, read and cite all the research.
LANDSAT-4 Science Investigations Summary Including December 1983 Workshop Results Volume II John Barker, Editor NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Proceedings ofthe Landsat-4 Early Results Symposium, February 22-24, 1983, and the Landsat Science Characterization Workshop, December 6, 1983, and held at NASAGoddardSpace Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland UN1VERSITATSBiEUOTHEM HANDOVER INFORMAT.CKG. Landsat data are spectral and collected using a platform mounted on a satellite in space that orbits the earth. The spectral bands and associated spatial resolution of the first 9 bands in the Landsat 8 sensor are listed below. Landsat 8 Band Return to Landsat Science Team Meetings U.S. Geological Survey HeadquartersReston, VirginiaJuly 15-17, 2008 Download all meeting files Tuesday, July 15Landsat Data Continuity Mission Progres Review and cite LANDSAT protocol, troubleshooting and other methodology information | Contact experts in LANDSAT to get answer NASA.gov brings you the latest images, videos and news from America's space agency. Get the latest updates on NASA missions, watch NASA TV live, and learn about our quest to reveal the unknown and benefit all humankind
LANDSAT-4 Science Investigations Summary Including December 1983 Workshop Results Volume I John Barker, Editor NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Proceedings ofthe Landsat-4 Early Results Symposium, February 22-24, 1983, andthe Landsat Science Characterization Workshop, December 6, 1983, and held at NASAGoddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland UNIVERS'TATSRISUOTHEK HANNGVcR Tjrpjj'.;>,i. Landsat and many other satellite remote sensing data is named in a way that tells you a about: When the data were collected and processed. What sensor was used to collect the data. What satellite was used to collect the data. And more. Here you will learn a few key components of the landsat 8 collection file name
The Landsat time series is so convenient and easy to use and has triggered science that was not possible a few decades ago. In this Editorial, we review the current status of Landsat ARD, introduce scientific studies of Landsat ARD from this special issue, and discuss global Landsat ARD The mission will track changes in global sea levels, glaciers, and ice sheets, as well as large lake and river water levels, and soil moisture. keeps track of size and thickness of earth's ice sheets. Measure ice sheet height changes for climate change diagnoses. uses a radar altimeter to monitor ocean surface height PDF | NASA Earth Explorer article summarizing the discussions, presentations and outcomes from the 2016 Winter Landsat Science Team Meeting held January... | Find, read and cite all the research. Landsat has measured the use and misuse of water resources in the American West, and helped planners keep an eye on urban growth. Spying a New Gold Rush. And so it was that Landsat found the mining and pollution in Peru that no one had noticed before. With the price of gold skyrocketing (360 percent in 10 years from 2001 to 2011), unlicensed miners began pouring into Peru's Madre de Dios. They cleared 12,500 acres from the forest between 2003-2009. Landsat images showed local.
Science of Landsat ARD in This special Issue The release of Landsat ARD makes the application of Landsat data to time series analysis a lot easier and opens doors for many scientiﬁc applications. The winter meeting of the NASA-U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat Science Team (LST) was held January 10-12, 2017, at Boston University. LST co-chairs Tom Loveland [USGS's Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS)—Senior Scientist], Jim Irons [NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)—Deputy Director, Earth Sciences Division], and Curtis Woodcock [Boston University. Temperature (ST) Science Product to facilitate its use in the land remote sensing community. Landsat Level 2 Science Products are derived from U.S. Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD). U.S. Landsat ARD consist of the most geometrically accurate Landsat 4-5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+), an The winter meeting of the joint U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)-NASA Landsat Science Team (LST) was held January 12-14, 2016, at Virginia Tech University in Blacksburg, VA. LST co-chairs Tom Loveland [USGS's Earth Resources Observation and Science Data Center (EROS)—Senior Scientist] and Jim Irons [NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC)—Landsat 8 Project Scientist] welcomed more.
Contact, chat, social media. About. Organization, jobs, budge The Harmonized Landsat Sentinel-2 (HLS) project is an extension of research conducted at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, that takes input data from the joint NASA/USGS Landsat 8 and the ESA (European Space Agency) Sentinel-2A and Sentinel-2B satellites to generate a harmonized, analysis-ready surface reflectance data product with observations every two to three days . Read more about the MSS system at NASA Landsat Science Landsat-8: Science and product vision for terrestrial global change research David P. Roy South Dakota State University, firstname.lastname@example.org M. A. Wulder Canadian Forest Service (Pacific Forestry Centre) T. R. Loveland U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, SD C. E. Woodcock Boston University, email@example.com R. G. Allen University of Idaho. This compilation of scenes represents data collections from four distinct projects including: (1) the Global Change Landsat Data Collection (GCLDC);(2) the Humid Tropical Forest Project (HTFP) collection of source scenes and products; (3) a collection of data from the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Research [formerly the Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES.
Landsat 8, however, has a new coastal blue band designed to parse out subtle differences in the color of water—minor changes in color intensity that can indicate what is mixed in that water. Now we've got a possibility to see and figure out what's causing color changes, said Schott, a Landsat science team member. It's a potential revolution for studying water Landsat 4 is the fourth satellite of the Landsat program.It was launched on July 16, 1982, with the primary goal of providing a global archive of satellite imagery. Although the Landsat Program is managed by NASA, data from Landsat 4 was collected and distributed by the U.S. Geological Survey.Landsat 4 science operations ended on December 14, 1993 when the satellite lost its ability to. eight-day offset with Landsat 7, which was launched in 1999. Landsat 8's space-borne data acquisition combines with the USGS archival and distribution systems, which includes the data processing techniques required to render Landsat 8 data into a scientifically usable format. With Landsat 8, special emphasis has been placed o . 7, 2002, of the far northern portion of Labrador, revealing Landsat Island. Forty-two years ago today, the United States launched the first satellite in what would become a continuous program that keeps an eye on Earth from space to this day
An ongoing collection of satellite imagery of all land on Earth produced by the Landsat 8 satellite.Note this dataset is deprecated in favor of the USGS cloud access mechanism. This bucket will be deleted on July 1, 2021. Update Frequency. New Landsat 8 scenes are added regularly as soon as they are available. Licens The Landsat-7 satellite is part of NASA's ESE (Earth Science Enterprise) program, a joint venture of NASA and USGS (United States Geological Survey). The overall mission objective is to extend and improve upon the long-term record of medium-resolution multispectral imagery of the Earth's continental surfaces provided by the earlier Landsat satellites Landsat-8 / LDCM (Landsat Data Continuity Mission) USGS will also co-chair and fund the Landsat science team. In April 2010, OSC (Orbital Sciences Corporation) of Dulles VA acquired GDAIS. Hence, OSC will continue to manufacture and integrate the LDCM program as outlined by GDAIS. Already in Dec. 2009, GDAIS successfully completed the CDR (Critical Design Review) of LDCM for NASA/GSFC. 20.
The LST (Landsat Science Team) encouraged continued imaging until 2020. As Landsat 5 orbit decayed to an approximate 9:15 AM orbit in the late 1990s, there is precedent for imaging outside the nominal crossing time. • Landsat-7 is operational in 2015 with the known degradations of the ETM+ instrument, collecting global data. • On April 2014, the Landsat-7 satellite has now been observing. On 23 December 2005, the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) issued a memorandum adjusting the LDCM (Landsat Data Continuity Mission) strategy. NASA was instructed to acquire a single Landsat data continuity mission in the form of a free-flyer spacecraft, which will receive the name Landsat 8. The instrument will collect land surface data similar to that of its Landsat predecessors. The data will be delivered to the U.S. Geological survey who will be responsible for mission. Landsat-8 / LDCM (Landsat Data Continuity Mission) The Landsat spacecraft series of NASA represents the longest continuous Earth imaging program in history, starting with the launch of Landsat-1 in 1972 through Landsat-7 with the ETM+ imager (launch April 15, 1999). With the evolution of the program has come an increased emphasis on the scientific.
Program Landsat je nejdéle probíhající projekt získávání kompletních fotografií Země z vesmíru. Uvedením družicových technologií, jako je program Landsat a jemu podobné, na oběžnou dráhu Země, vedlo k jednomu z nejproduktivnějších období v historii kartografie. Toto nové objevování je srovnatelné pouze se zlatou érou mapování v šestnáctém a sedmnáctém století. Obrazová data uchovávají archívy Landsat již od počátku, tedy od roku 1972. Máme tak k. NASA image created by Jesse Allen, Earth Observatory, using data provided courtesy of Laura Rocchio, NASA Landsat Project Science Office. Published October 7, 200 Landsat-Classification-Using-Neural-Network. All the files mentioned in the article on Towards Data Science Neural Network for Landsat Classification Using Tensorflow in Python | A step-by-step guide NASA Earth Observatory image created by Jesse Allen and Robert Simmon, using Landsat data provided by Julia Barsi of the Landsat Project Science Office. Landsat is jointly managed by the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA. Caption by Michon Scott. Published June 7, 2011 Data acquired June 4, 2011. Source: Landsat 5 > T
Science; Auto; Gaming; Photos; Videos; How To; Best Deals; Technology News; Science; Strange ripples on swirling hills seen in Landsat-8 images leave NASA perplexed. The images show ripples on land on either side of the Markha river, with alternating light and dark stripes that give it an optical illusion-like quality. tech2 News Staff Mar 01, 2021 12:05:26 IST. A satellite orbiting the Earth. Query and order satellite images, aerial photographs, and cartographic products through the U.S. Geological Surve Landsat on AWS. Landsat 8 data is available for anyone to use via Amazon S3. All Landsat 8 scenes are available from the start of imagery capture. All new Landsat 8 scenes are made available each day, often within hours of production. The Landsat program is a joint effort of the U.S. Geological Survey and NASA. First launched in 1972, the Landsat series of satellites has produced the longest. / Results from time-series analysis of Landsat images characterizing forest extent and change. / Trees are defined as vegetation taller than 5m in height and are expressed as a percentage per output grid cell as '2000 Percent Tree Cover'. 'Forest Cover Loss' is defined as a stand-replacement disturbance, or a change from a forest to non. Landsat Collection 1 (C1) Analysis Ready Data (ARD), which are the foundation for the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection (LCMAP) initiative. ARD are consistently processed to the highest scientific standard and level of processing required for direct use in remote sensing applications. A key goal for ARD is to significantly.